Gross Motor Skills
Gross motor skills are made up of physical components and large muscle groups that work together to enable whole body function for everyday activities such as running, jumping, riding etc. These physical components include muscular strength, tone and endurance for postural control, motor planning, coordination, balance and body awareness.
Gross motor skills also support the development and participation in activities requiring fine motor skills such as handwriting and scissor use. If a child has poor postural control, they may be unable to sit at their desk for an extended period of time, influencing concentration and attention, impacting on their ability to complete any writing or listening task.
Problems with gross motor skills may be evident in children who are late to reach their developmental milestones for particular skills. Children with poor physical endurance may participate for short periods, observe to be less skilful than their peers or may avoid physical activity.
Children with motor planning difficulties, also known as dyspraxia, have problems learning new skills that involve using their body. They may also have difficulty carrying out a group of physical instructions or completing an obstacle course. Organisation, sequencing and completion of unfamiliar movements in a coordinated way are the foundations for successful motor planning.